It is thought that the first installation of synthetic turf at a major sporting venue occurred in Houston, Texas, at the Astrodome in 1966. ChemGrass, a short-fiber, dense nylon carpet, was installed over a compacted soil base in the stadium. The subsequent year, a closed-cell, elastomeric foam pad was installed between the carpet backing and the soil. ChemGrass was soon referred to as AstroTurf. Throughout the 1970s and 1980s, many newly constructed multisport stadiums and several existing stadiums replaced their natural turfgrass with AstroTurf. The intrigue was based on the surface’s ability to withstand a high volume of traffic while still providing a consistent playing surface. This enabled cities to construct multiuse stadiums with movable seating that could host a variety of concert and sporting events in a condensed time period without damaging the playing surface. However, by the later part of the 1980s, this first-generation synthetic turf was receiving criticism for its possible contribution to athlete injuries
Subsequently, second-generation synthetic turf, first invented in 1976 by Frederick T. Haas, was introduced. These second-generation surfaces included a shock-absorbing pad beneath a carpet that contained much longer fibers compared with the first-generation systems. The carpet pile was filled with silica sand to within several millimeters of the top of the fibers, allowing them to stand upright. While second-generation playing surfaces were not widely adopted within the United States, they did pave the way for the modern, third-generation systems now commonly used.
Similar to second-generation turf, third-generation surfaces are an infilled system wherein the space between the vertical pile fibers is filled with a granular material. Third-generation systems use an infill material consisting of either crumb rubber or a combination of crumb rubber and silica sand, as opposed to the pure sand typical of second-generation systems. The first of these third-generation systems was developed by FieldTurf and was installed in 1997 at a high school in Pennsylvania. Since then, several companies have developed similar products.
Your yard is our canvas, we will share our ideas and listen to yours. Our goal is to help you envision the potential in your lawn.
The first step is to remove all existing vegetation and top soil.
Once the top soil and existing vegetation is removed, we can lay down a base of crusher run and M10 granite. Once laid down we will compact it down in preparation for laying the turf.
Artificial grass is cut, seamed and anchored to the base.
Enjoy your new lawn, and experience the joys of a maintenance free yard!
Materials comprising the back of the turf, as opposed to the turf or face. The adhesive backing refers to the urethane or latex coating. Turf backing refers to the stabilizing fabrics that are used to secure the fiber tufts.
The amount of pile fiber in the turf and the closeness of the tufts.
The total weight of the yarn/fiber tufted into the backing.
The sand or rubber used on top of turf between fibers for ballast and cushion.
The length of the tufts measured from the primary backing top surface to their tips.
Seam Tape is used to provide a base in which to apply Turf Glue and create a nearly invisible seam between two edges of turf.
The measurement of the entire product in ounces per square yard, which includes face weight and the backing.
Turf Glue is the adhesive that holds the turf to a base. Using a premium Turf Glue is imperative for safety and ensuring turf stays where it should.
Within the past few years, many states across the nation and world suffer from extreme drought and water rationing is unfortunately becoming commonplace. According to the Southern Nevada Water Authority, one square foot of synthetic grass can save up to 55 gallons of water in one year.
It may rid your plants and grass of annoying bugs, weeds and other overgrowth, however, pesticide chemicals have proven harmful side-effects that not only hide in your lawn but eventually seep into your local water table. According to the Cancer Center UK, studies suggest pesticides could be linked to cancers such as leukemia, brain tumors, breast and prostate cancer.
Gas-powered gardening equipment like lawnmowers represent 5% of air pollution in the U.S., according to the Environmental Protection Agency. A synthetic lawn requires minimal upkeep with gas-powered gardening equipment and therefore would eliminate the need for these items.
A synthetic lawn not only benefits the end user, it has multiple environmental advantages. By eliminating water and chemical waste as well as reducing carbon emissions, artificial turf can be the solution to many on-going environmental problems.
The space outside your home deserves to look inviting, but also functional. Our goal is to help you envision and see the full potential of your outdoor space, big or small. Let us turn your ideas into reality. Take the first step towards a new custom designed yard by contacting us today!